*1911, † after 1960;
Russian linguist and folklore researcher. Translator and reviewer of works by Ob-Ugric writers.
Education at the Pedagogical University of Kalinin, doctoral candidate at the Institute of the Peoples of the North, dissertation in 1935.
In 1933/34 he examined the Mansi language and folklore by the rivers Sosva and Ob. In 1938, temporarily, he additionally focused on the language and folklore of Vakh Khanty.
In 1933/34 he studied the Mansi language and folklore on the Sosva and Ob rivers. In 1938, he additionally focused on the language and folklore of the Vakh Khanty. In 1935/36, he was active in the sector of National Schools; working then from 1937 on at the Institute of the Peoples of the North. He published several volumes with collections of Mansi tales and songs (1935, 1937, 1938, 1939), a reading primer (1947) and textbooks for the first classes at the National Schools (1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1955), all this in addition to independent works on the Mansi language (1939, 1949, 1959), including a text book of Mansi for self-learners (1960).
He served in World War II and then began to work at the university of Leningrad, later at the Herzen Pedagogical Institute.
Together with his wife M. P. Vakhrusheva, a native speaker of Konda Mansi, he published a Mansi text book for teachers´ training in 1957, as well as a Mansi-Russian dictionary in 1958.
*1905 in Moscow, † 1970 in Moscow
Ethnologist, linguist, archeologist and folklore researcher.
Chernetsov studied the ancient history of the Ob-Ugric peoples (Khanty and Mansi), the Nenets and the Selkup, the ethnology of the Khanty and Mansi, and the Mansi language and folklore.
Beginning in 1923, he worked for a geodetic expedition in the Northern Urals. Living for a long period with the Mansi, he learned to speak their language fluently and collected ethnographic and folklore materials. The Mansi name given to him, Lu:sum khum, under which he was admitted to the clan stems from this time.
In 1925, he began to study at the ethnographic department of the Faculty of Geography of the University of Leningrad. Since this time, his main activity was research on the language, culture and history of the peoples of the Northern Urals and Northern Siberia.
Already as a student, he was the author of some interesting publications. In the 1930s, he worked on the codification of an orthographical system for the Mansi language at the Institute of the Peoples of the North. In 1932, he published the first Mansi reading primer, in 1933 a short grammar, followed by a dictionary (1936) and a collection of Mansi tales (1934, 1935 a, b).
In 1935, he changed his position and was employed at the Institute of Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. As of 1940, he worked in the Institute of Archaeology where he was active for 30 years.
His dissertation deals with the most important stages in the history of the Ob valley region from earliest times to the 10th century CE and thus with the ethnical emergence of the Ob-Ugric peoples. In his expeditions he did research on archeology, ethnography and folklore along the Northern Sosva, Konda and Lozva rivers. In addition, he did research on the archeological cultures of Salechard and Ust-Poluj, and on petroglyphs in the Ural region (published in two volumes in 1964 and 1971). He investigated several gravesites in Western Siberia and was the leader of the Mangazeya Expedition (1946-1947) and the permanent Western Siberian Expedition (1948-1970).
His last work, which he could not complete before his death, deals with the ethno-cultural areas of Western Siberia. His ethnographical materials (diary entries) were published posthumously.
(Elena Skribnik; translated by Veronika Bauer)
25 December 1913 in Sogom near Khanty-Mansiysk, † 28 February 1986 in Leningrad
Khanty philologist and educator, author of several reading primers and textbooks of Khanty.
Teryoshkin came from a family of hunters and fishermen. In 1935/36, he taught at the primary school in the village of Polnovat and from 1936 to 1940 was a student at the Institute of the Peoples of the North in Leningrad.
He served in World War II and was wounded. After the war, he took up doctoral studies and taught at the Herzen Institute of the Peoples of the North in Leningrad. Later, he became a research assistant at the Institute of Linguistics of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union in Moscow.
His achievements include the description of the grammatical structures of the Khanty language, and works on Khanti dialectology, particularly on the Eastern Khanty dialects. He was the author of a grammar and dictionary of Vakh Khanty. He published reading primers for the National Schools (1958, 1959), as well as textbooks and other didactical material (e.g. 1951 in cooperation with J.N.Russkaya).
In 1967, he finished his candidate’s dissertation on the phonetics and morphology of Vakh Khanty. Teryoshkin did translation work from Russian into Khanty and vice-versa.